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The worldwide Coronavirus
(COVID-19) pandemic.
Part 14.
2021-FEB-03 to 2021-AUG:

This is a continuation of the previous article:

2021-FEB-03: Vaccination rates across the world:

The UK Daily Express reported that as of FEB-03, "Dozens of nations have been forced to cancel appointments ..." for vaccination due to slow deliveries of the vaccine. 15

89 million people worldwide have been vaccinated, including 26 million in the U.S., 24 million in China, and 9.2 million in the UK.

Gibraltar has the largest percentage of its population vaccinated. This is followed by Israel, the United Arab Emirates, Seychelles, American Samoa, Palau, and the UK.

2021-FEB-05: New COVID-19 vaccine:

Johnson & Johnson have developed a 66% efficient, single shot, vaccine against moderate and severe COVID-19. They have asked U.S. regulators to authorize emergency use in the country. It can be stored a higher temperatures than the other two vaccines; this would greatly simplify distribution. 16

2021-FEB-11: Caution: COVID-19 vaccines and immunity:

Dr. Kristen Marks, an infectious disease specialist at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center and an associate professor of medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Weill Cornell Medicine, discusses how long it takes for vaccines to provide protection.

Dr. Marks noted that scientific studies show that there is some protection two weeks after receiving the first dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccines, but that protection may wane over time.

The vaccines' protection become generally achieved somewhere between one and two weeks after the second dose. Unfortunately, many people believe that full protection starts immediately after receiving the second injection.

Dr. Marks said that:

“I think it’s important to continue to take all the recommended precautions, so you can protect yourself and others. Until we really get a decrease in the COVID that’s circulating, all of that remains necessary." 28

2021-FEB-13: Racial discrimination in vaccination:

Mary Beth Griggs, writing on noted that in the U.S., "COVID-19 has sickened and killed a disproportionate number of Black, Native American and Latinx people." Part of this is caused by a lower percentage of Black Americans willing to be vaccinated. Many distrust the safety of the vaccines.

To date, 108 million people have tested positive for the vaccine worldwide. Of them, 2.4 million have died. (2.2%) Among those who died, 479,458 lived in the U.S. 17

2021-FEB-17: Places where COVID-19 is most often transmitted between persons:

CNN's chief medical correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta, said that "80 percent of COVID transmissions occur in restaurants, bars, cafés, hotels, and houses of worship." 18

In restaurants and cafés, people are often seated close to others. Also they usually have their nose and mouth uncovered as they eat.

In bars, many people drink sufficient alcohol to become careless regarding masks and social distancing.

The CDC rates your home as the safest place to be, with vacation rentals "less safe" and hotels "even less safe."

Houses of Worship have been linked to many COVID-19 outbreaks, with some becoming superspreader events. During 2020, one North Carolina church had a single outbreak that resulted in more than 200 cases and 12 deaths!

2021-FEB-20: Pfizer vaccine found to be 99% effective at preventing COVID-19 deaths!

The health ministry of Israel released data on the country's experience with the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. They found it almost 96% effective at preventing COVID-19 infections two weeks after the individual received their second dose. It is about 99% at preventing severe infections, hospitalizations, and deaths from the coronavirus! 18

Coronavirus symptoms usually appear in a specific order:

Experts at the USC Michelson Center Convergent Science Institute in Cancer published an article in the journal Frontiers in Public Health. They studied the order in which symptoms most often appear in people who have been infected by the Coronavirus. The sequence is:

1. Significant fever above 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or 38 degrees Centigrade.

2. A dry and persistent cough.

3. Muscle pain.

4. Nausea and/or vomiting.

5. Diarrhea. 19

2021-MAR-02: Biden promises enough coronavirus vaccine for ‘every adult in America’ by the end of May:

He promised that there will be enough coronavirus vaccine doses for “every adult in America” by the end of May. He presumably is referring to "every adult in America who wants a vaccine."

He said that pharmaceutical giant Merck will help make Johnson & Johnson's single-injection coronavirus vaccine. He urged Johnson & Johnson’s manufacturing facilities to “operate 24/7.” 22

2021-MAR-05: Canada approves their fourth COVID-19 vaccine:

Health Canada has approved the use of Johnson & Johnson's COVID-19 vaccine in the country. It only requires a single injection! Other vaccines that have been previously approved are:

AstraZeneca, Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech. 20

2021-MAR-06: Risk factors for complications from COVID-19:

Being old, having a pre-existing illness, or being overweight, or obese, all increase a person's risk both of hospitalization and death if they catch COVID-19.20

2021-MAR-06: Senate passes coronavirus relief bill:

After voting overnight on amendments, the Senate passed Biden's $1.9 trillion dollar coronavirus relief bill. The bill was then sent back to the House. 21 If passed, it would send $1,400 checks to millions of low and middle-income Americans, provide new yearly child tax benefits, boost unemployment payments for workers still unemployed, and invest heavily in the country’s attempt to climb back from a public-health emergency that has devastated families, workers, students and businesses alike. 21

As of 2021-MAR-08: Things one can / cannot / should / and shouldn't do after receiving the vaccination:

It takes time after any vaccination for it to take effect. Unfortunately, this fact is not circulated widely enough on the media. And so, some people feel that they cannot pickup the virus from someone else as soon as they receive their full vaccination.

According to

Pfizer and Moderna are designed to be most effective starting 7 to 14 days after the second and final dose is injected.

Johnson & Johnson's efficacy was measured 28 days after the single jab." 25

According to Yahoo! News:

"Fully vaccinated people do not have to quarantine if exposed to someone who has tested positive for the virus unless that person is symptomatic.

Webmaster's note:

Presumably by "fully vaccinated" means that the person has waited enough time after receiving the vaccine for it to be fully effective. This is 14 days after their second vaccine dose of Pfizer or Moderna. It is 14 to 28 days after the Johnson & Johnson's single vaccine dose. (Information sources differ).

The CDC says it's important for vaccinated people to still wear masks and practice social distancing in public." 23

Unfortunately, as of 2021-MAR-09, there are other important factors that are not widely discussed in the media:

One should wait two weeks or more after having received any previous vaccine before receiving a COVID-19 vaccine.

One should continue their previous precautions for at least two weeks after their final vaccine dose, until the vaccine takes full effect in their body. Since so much is not known about the vaccine, it would be safer to continue precautions much longer. "Studies are underway to learn more about whether you can still spread COVID-19 after a vaccine, but results could take months" to complete. 26

You should not receive a vaccination if you have a fever: a body temperature over 100.1 degrees F (or 37.8 degrees C).

You should not receive a vaccination if you have had COVID-19 symptoms anytime during the previous two weeks, or have received blood plasma during the previous 90 days.

If you have had one or more severe allergic reactions after receiving a previous vaccination(s), you should consult your doctor before signing up for a COVID-19 vaccination.

It is not yet known how long any vaccine's protection will remain effective in a person's body. 24

2021-MAR-11: President Biden signs coronavirus relief bill:

This will send $1,400 checks to many Americans, expand unemployment insurance until SEP-06, finance vaccine delivery and testing, retrofit schools for reopening and support state and city budgets. 26

2021-MAR-14: Concern about number of visitors coming to Florida for spring break:

Florida mayors are worried about flood of visitors to their state. Miami Beach Mayor Dan Gelber said:

"We're seeing too much spring break activity. We've got a problem with too many people coming here, we've got a problem with too many people coming here to let loose. ... "We are concerned. It's very challenging."

Orlando Mayor Buddy Dyer urged visitors to practice Covid-19 safety precautions. He wrote on Twitter:

"We've come a long way as a community in slowing the spread of the virus. As you enjoy our city and our wonderful weather this weekend, continue your pandemic precautions." 27

The image at the top of the MSN news article appears to show hundreds of vacationers packing a South Beach in Florida. Webmaster's comment:

"I wasn't able to see any masks being worn in the photograph, which was taken on MAR-13. This is likely to have been another "super-spreader" event. 27

2021-MAR-14: Some states are lifting mask mandates:

National Institutes of Health Director Dr. Francis Collins said:

"If there was ever a time to put on the mask, this is it. Every bit of data proves that mask wearing reduces infections, reduces deaths. ... We are still seeing 50 to 60,000 cases a day right now... this is the time."

Yet Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt announced on MAR-11 that he was doing away with any restrictions on events or residents and was removing a mask requirement in state buildings. Also, there is no longer a state-wide mask wearing mandate in Mississippi and Texas. Wyoming will remove its statewide mask requirement and allow bars, restaurants, theaters and gyms to resume normal operation on MAR-16. 27

2021-MAR-15: Caution: COVID-19 vaccines and immunity:

Dr. Kristen Marks, an infectious disease specialist at New-York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center and an associate professor of medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Weill Cornell Medicine, discussed how long it takes for vaccines to provide protection.

Dr. Marks noted that scientific studies show that there is some protection two weeks after receiving the first dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccines, but that protection may wane over time.

The vaccines' protection become generally achieved somewhere between one and two weeks after the second dose. Unfortunately, many people believe that protection starts immediately after receiving the second injection.

Dr. Marks said that:

“I think it’s important to continue to take all the recommended precautions, so you can protect yourself and others. Until we really get a decrease in the COVID that’s circulating, all of that remains necessary." 28

2021-MAR-15: The White House will launch a campaign to convince people to get vaccinated:

Within weeks, the campaign costing 1.5 billion will start in an attempt to reduce American's skepticism and safety concerns of COVID-19 vaccines. The campaign will concentrate on young people, people of color, and conservatives.

Sten Vermund, the dean of the Yale School of Public Health said:

"I’m worried about the 15% of Americans who say they will not take the vaccine, and about 8% or 9% of Americans say, ‘I will take it if they make me, if my job forces me to.’ So that’s about 23% or 24%, and that’s flirting with the level we need to get to herd immunity." 29

2021-MAR-16: Many Republican voters in the U.S. are reluctant to receive the COVID-19 vaccine:

An article in The Week stated that:

In a new AP-NORC survey, 42 percent of Republicans say they probably or definitely won't get vaccinated, versus 17 percent of Democrats.

recent NPR/PBS NewsHour Marist poll found that 49 percent of Republican men and 47 percent of Donald Trump supporters said they would opt out if a vaccine was offered to them, versus 6 percent of Democratic men.

CBS News-YouGov survey released Sunday recorded 33 percent of Republicans saying they would not get a shot; another 20 percent are undecided. 30

2021-MAR-18: Major surge in hate crimes against Asian people during the COVID-19 pandemic:

The San Bernardino’s Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism at California State University revealed that hate crimes reported to police departments in U.S. an increase of 149% between 2019 and 2020. "The study reported, for example, that New York City had three reported hate crimes targeting Asians in 2019 versus 28 in 2020. In Los Angeles, seven incidents were reported in 2019 versus 15 in 2020. In Boston, four incidents were reported in 2019 versus 16 in 2020. Stop AAPI Hate, a website that tracks hate incidents against Asians and Pacific Islanders, logged 3,795 hate incidents, which included everything from verbal and online harassment to physical assault, from March 19, 2020 to Feb. 28, 2021. Women were more than twice as likely to be victims than men. 31

2021-MAR-20: Status of vaccinations in the U.S.:

Currently, there are about 2.5 million vaccinations per day. The pace is expected to increase dramatically later in March. This is close to meeting President Biden's goal of inoculating 200 million doses by his 100th day in office.

The nation may be able to cover the entire adult population, who want vaccinations, by MAR-30 . 32

2021-MAR-30: Pfizer and Moderna vaccines found to be very effective after the first vaccination:

Ankur Banerjee and Vishwadha Chander, writing for  Reuters, wrote that a real-world U.S. study revealed that COVID-19 vaccines developed by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna reduced risk of infection by 80 per cent two weeks or more after the first of two shots. The study involved almost 4,000 health care personnel and first responders. 33

2021-MAR-31: Hesitancy about receiving vaccine decreasing:

The Week reports that the percentage of people in the U.S. who are reluctant to accept the COVID-19 vaccination is decreasing, according to new surveys from the Kaiser Family Foundation.(KFF) and the U.S. Census Bureau. "... about 61 percent of U.S. adults said they have either gotten their first dose already or are eager to get the shot, up from 47 percent in January. An estimated 70-90 percent of the U.S. population will need to be immune for the pandemic to be under control."

KFF found that "... 55 percent of Black Americans, 61 percent of Latinos, and 64 percent of white people, want to get vaccinated. Overall, 20 percent of respondents said they won't get vaccinated at all, or will only seek vaccinaton if required by work or school; Republicans (29 percent) and white evangelical Christians (28 percent) were still overrepresented in that group.

Another 46 percent of Republicans said they have been -- or will get vaccinated -- versus 79 percent of Democrats."

Republicans at 29% and white Evangelical Christians at 28% are "definitely not" going to receive a vaccine if they have a choice. That could produce a serious problem if 90% inoculation is needed to control the virus. It would mean that the COVID-19 pandemic would not go away, and might continue like the flu! 34

2021-APR-06: President Biden moved the deadline for all U.S. adults to be eligible for COVID-19 vaccine:

President Biden moved the deadline for all states to make everyone 18 years and older eligible to receive the coronavirus vaccine earlier: from MAY-01 to APR-19. Also, the number of pharmacies who will be giving the vaccine will increase from the present 17,000 to 40,000. So, many more adults will have access to the vaccine at a drugstore close to them.

2021-APR-26: The Washington Post discusses the still unvaccinated people in the U.S.:

Paige Cunningham and Alexandra Ellerbeck reported on results from a new Washington Post/ABC Poll. It found that 56% of the 120,000,000 currently unvaccinated adults in the U.S. plan to NOT seek a vaccination for themselves. This includes 40% of Republicans and 10% of Democrats.

Unfortunately only a very small percentage of people can remain unvaccinated before COVID-19 can be quickly controlled in the country. Some estimates run as low as 10%. If 10% is an accurate value, and if American adults follow through with their plans, then COVID-19 will remain a major menace to the country into the distant future.


65% of Democrats said that businesses should require their employees to get vaccinated. Only 22% of Republicans agreed.
70% of Democrats said that college students should be required to get vaccinated. 70% of Republicans opposed that requirement.
77% of Democrats support states issuing certificates to vaccinated individuals so that they could prove that they were vaccinated. Only 30% of Republicans agreed. 34

2021-APR-27: Number of deaths from COVID-19 per million people from 2021-MAR-01 to 2021-APR-22:

Accumulated deaths per million people in the UK are shown the graph below.

The accumulated number of deaths for various countries as of 2021-APR-22 are listed on the right of the graph.

See also Johns Hopkins University's listing deaths per 100k population by country.

2021-APR-28: Obtain a personal test to determine whether you have Covid-19:

The FDA has approved a test for COVID-19 that can be taken at home.

The test kits are available for purchase on Amazon with a turnaround time for results of 24 to 72 hours after the sample is received back.

2021-MAY-04: COVID-19 vaccinations are slowing in the U.S.:

Josh Holder and Amy Schoenfeld Walker, writing in the New York Times discussed the slowing in the rate of U.S. vaccinations. 21

The total number of vaccinations to date is almost 150 million. But in many areas of the country, the rate has been slowing. The average number of people per day receiving a first or single dose of vaccine has fallen to about 50% over the interval APR-13 to MAY-04. A major contributor to the decline are adults aged 18 to 64 who became eligible to receive vaccines in most states during March.

Some who are not vaccinated are refusing to ever receive a vaccination. This is particularly prominent among Republicans. In mid-April 45% said they don't plan to get vaccinated, and 50% say they have been vaccinated or plan to get vaccinated in the future. Unfortunately, the U.S. may require a much larger percentage of Republicans to be vaccinated in order for the country to achieve herd immunity and cause the pandemic to end quickly. 22

2021-MAY-04: The COVID-19 pandemic is indirectly causing cancers to remain undiagnosed:

Many people have been concerned about visiting a doctor during the pandemic and so a large number of cancers have remained undiagnosed or untreated as patients postponed annual screenings, and as many cancer clinics and hospitals suspended biopsies, chemotherapy, and radiation treatments. At Mount Sinai, the number of mammograms dropped by 96% during the interval 2020-JAN to APR. Screenings had started to rebound by 2020-JUL, but still remained under pre-COVID-19 levels.

According to ProPublica:

"The National Cancer Institute has predicted almost 10,000 excess deaths over the next decade from breast and colorectal cancer alone because of pandemic-related delays in diagnosing and treating these two cancers, which often can be detected early through screening and account for about 1 in 6 cancer deaths. Like the pandemic itself, the impact is expected to hit communities of color particularly hard. Black Americans already die of all cancers combined at a higher rate than any other racial group. And cancer is the leading cause of death among Latinos, with breast cancer outranking all other cancers for women."

2021-MAY-07: The U.S. Centers for Disease Control finally acknowledge that the COVID-19 virus often spreads by very fine respiratory droplets and aerosolized particles:

Roni Caryn Rabin and Emily Anthes wrote for the New York Times:

In the past, the The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has emphasized that COVID-19 spreads through contact with sprayed droplets, or people touching a contaminated surface, and later touching their mouth, nose, or eyes.

Linsey Marr, an aerosol expert at Virginia Tech. says that finally, the:

“C.D.C. has now caught up to the latest scientific evidence, and they’ve gotten rid of some old problematic terms and thinking about how transmission occurs."

David Michaels, an epidemiologist at George Washington School of Public Health and head of OSHA in the Obama administration, said:

"They hadn’t talked much about aerosols and were more focused on droplets. ..."

[Virus-laden particles] “maintain their airborne properties for hours, and they accumulate in a room that doesn’t have good ventilation."

"There is more exposure closer up, But when you’re further away, there’s still a risk, and also these particles stay in the air."

2021-MAY-10: The New York Senate passed a bill to imprison people who are deemed to be a public health threat:

Daniel Horowitz wrote on that the bill states:


If Governor Cuomo signs the bill into law, then New York state will have a law that could imprison massive numbers of people in a type of concentration camp.

Horowitz drew similarities between this law and the Nazi law during World War II that created more than a thousand concentration camps. Their main prisoners were Communists, "habitual criminals," Jews, and homosexuals. Later, people from German-occupied Europe were imprisoned.

2021-MAY-21: Percentage of Canadians who have received first dose of vaccination for COVID-19 exceeds the U.S. percentage:

As of the morning of MAY-21, for the first time, Canada had vaccinated 48.5% of their population, slightly exceeding the 48.2% reached in the U.S.

Kerry Bowman, a professor of bioethics and global health at the University of Toronto, said:  

"We have got very well organized. It may have taken us a while — and, yes, got off to a very difficult start — but there’s a level of organization and commitment that is really taking off all over the country."

Colin Furness, an infection control epidemiologist and assistant professor at the University of Toronto, said."

2021-MAY-30: Origin of the COVID-19 pandemic being actively studied:

Two main theories about the pandemic's origin have emerged:

1. NATURAL ORIGIN THEORY: A bat in or near Wuhan, China, was infected and spread it to another animal who spread an even more contagious version to humans in Wuhan -- from where it has spread nearly worldwide -- and has caused the deaths of more than 3.5 million people and major economic challenges to millions more!

2. LAB LEAK THEORY: One or more researchers in the Wuhan Institute of Virology -- where bat viruses have been and continue to be studied -- accidentally became infected with the pandemic and passed it to others in Wuhan from where it has spread nearly worldwide.

During 2020, the Natural Origin theory was generally considered accurate, and the lab leak theory considered very unlikely. 27 scientists wrote in the leading scientific medical journal -- The Lancet: "We stand together to strongly condemn conspiracy theories suggesting that Covid-19 does not have a natural origin." 2

Later in 2020, no significant evidence was found supporting the Natural Origin theory. In the U.S., many conservative lawmakers started to push the U.S. government to investigate the lab leak theory, even though China was then "stonewalling any credible independent investigation." 23

On MAY-23, the Wall Street Journal reported that, during 2019-NOV -- the month that the virus started circulating in Wuhan -- three researchers at the Wuhan Institute had become sick and had sought hospital care. China denounced this claim as false. 24

Pressure appears to be mounting for an extensive investigation into the coronavirus' original source. Eighteen scientists have signed a letter calling for an inquiry into the pandemic's origin. 24

On MAY-24, U.S. President Joe Biden ordered U.S. intelligence officials to "redouble" their efforts to investigate the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic, including any possibility the trail might lead to a Chinese laboratory." 25

2021-JUN-09: The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists will hold a Virtual Program titled: "The origin of COVID: Did people or nature open Pandora's box at Wuhan?."


2021-JUN-17: U.S. is investing in the development of a pill to treat Covid-19:

The U.S. federal government announced that it is investing 3.2 billion dollars to develop a pill that would treat people infected with the Covid-19 virus. The pill would supplement the vaccine which attempts to prevent people from catching Covid-19. If the program is successful, then people who test positive or who develop symptoms for Covid-19 could purchase anti-viral pills from their pharmacy as soon as they developed symptoms or tested positive for the virus.

Dr. Kessler, the chief science officer of the Biden administration’s Covid-19 response team, said in an interview that the hope is that:

"... we can get an antiviral by the end of the fall that can help us close out this chapter of the epidemic."27

2021-JUL-06: Effectiveness of the Covid-19 vaccines:

One impressive indicator of the profound effectiveness of the Covid-19 vaccines is that no person in Maryland who died of Covid-19 during 2021-JUNE had been previously vaccinated!

Another remarkable program in Maryland that encourages vaccination, is that among thpse teens aged 12 to 17 who get vaccinated, 20 will be chosen for a prize: full tuition and fees at an in-state public university!

2021-JUL-09: Most American adults believe that the COVID-19 pandemic originated in a laboratory:

Politico-Harvard survey of 1,009 adults in late June found that:

  •  52% of respondents said they believe that COVID-19 came out of a lab experiment.

    • This included 59% of Republicans and 52% of Democrats.

  • 28% said they believe the coronavirus came from an infected animal and later spread to humans.

During June, former Director Robert Redfield of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said that he had received death threats from other scientists for backing the lab origin theory. 

2021-AUG-03: U.S. progress in COVID milestones:

In the U.S., more than 70% of adults have received at least one dose of the COVID-19 dose. 90% of its seniors -- its most vulnerable population -- has also receive at least one dose.

Momouth University reports that 17%  of American adults "say they remain opposed to getting the vaccine at all. ...  Among them, 70% either identify with or lean toward the Republican Party while just 6% identify with or lean toward with the Democrats."

If that 17% remain unvaccinated, then people in the U.S. may not reach "herd immunity."

The Mayo Clinic states:

"Herd immunity occurs when a large portion of a community (the herd) becomes immune to a disease, making the spread of disease from person to person unlikely. As a result, the whole community becomes protected — not just those who are immune.

Often, a percentage of the population must be capable of getting a disease in order for it to spread. This is called a threshold proportion. If the proportion of the population that is immune to the disease is greater than this threshold, the spread of the disease will decline. This is known as the herd immunity threshold.

What percentage of a community needs to be immune in order to achieve herd immunity? It varies from disease to disease. The more contagious a disease is, the greater the proportion of the population that needs to be immune to the disease to stop its spread. For example, the measles is a highly contagious illness. It's estimated that 94% of the population must be immune to interrupt the chain of transmission [of Measels]. ..."

Using the concept of herd immunity, vaccines have successfully controlled contagious diseases such as smallpox, polio, diphtheria, rubella and many others. Whether herd immunity can be attained with COVID-19 in the U.S. is currently unknown. 28

The White House announced that the U.S. has donated and shipped more than 110 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine doses to more than 60 other countries through COVAX, the African Union, and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). This is more than any other country. At the end of August, the U.S. will begin shipping a half a billion Pfizer doses that the United States has pledged to purchase and donate to 100 low-income countries in need.

2019-AUG-13: Belief that the coronavirus epidemic originated from a lab leak gains strength:

A Politico article by Ashleigh Furlong stated that:

"... the suggestion that the deadly coronavirus was leaked from a laboratory in China is gaining both scientific and political traction. A top World Health Organization official [Peter Ben Embarek] leading investigations into the origins of the pandemic has described a version of the lab leak hypothesis as a 'probable” scenario for how the virus began to spread.'

Embarek said a lab worker could have been infected with the virus from a bat while working in the field — raising questions over the conclusions of an official March report that he himself led, stating that a scenario where a laboratory employee was infected while working with bat viruses was 'extremely unlikely'."

2021-AUG-14: Updating list of Coronavirus cases:

The Worldometer web site lists cases worldwide, and by Country. It listed:

Total number of cases worldwide: 207,337,257. This is about 2.6% of the world's population, or one out of every 38 persons. 29

2021-SEP-17: As climate pledges fall short, U.N. predicts globe could warm by catastrophic 2.7 degrees Celsius!

The United Nations issued a report indicating that current plans by the nations of the world would result in greenhouse gas emissions increasing by 16 percent by the the year 2030. That would put the planet on a trajectory to warm by 2.7 degrees Celsius (4.9 degrees Fahrenheit) between 1900 and 2100. Even lower temperature increases could mean millions of people losing their homes to rising seas, the loss of vast sections of permafrost, and extinction for scores of animal species. 30

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today:

1. Kaisha Langton, "Europe vs UK vaccine row LAID BARE," Daily and Sunday Express, 2021-FEB-03, at: Europe vs UK vaccine row LAID BARE

2. Peter Loftus, "Johnson & Johnson Asks U.S. Regulators for Emergency Approval of Its Covid-19 Vaccine," Wall Street Journal, 2021-FEB-05 at: Johnson & Johnson Asks U.S. Regulators for Emergency Approval

3. Mary Beth Griggs, "Vaccine roll-out won’t be equitable unless health care reckons with racism," 2021-FEB-13 at: Vaccine roll-out won’t be equitable unless health care reckons with racism

4. "Israeli data shows Pfizer vaccine nearly 99 percent effective at preventing COVID-19 death 2 weeks after 2nd dose," The Week, 2021-FEB-20, at:

5.Emily Gersema, "USC scientists identify the order of COVID-19’s symptoms," News_USC_edu, 2020-AUG-2020, at: USC scientists identify the order of COVID-19’s symptoms

6. "Vaccines for COVID-19 ...," Government of Canada, 2021-FEB-26, at: COVID-19 Vaccines: Authorized vaccines -

7. "Senate passes $1.9 trillion coronavirus relief bill," 2021-MAR-06 at: Stimulus bill: The Washington Post

8. "Biden promises enough coronavirus vaccine for ‘every adult in America’ by the end of May, 2021-MAR-02, Washington Post, at: Biden promises coronavirus vaccine by May\

9. "CDC Just Warned..." at: CDC outlines what fully vaccinated people can do"

10. "What you need to know before and after getting a COVID-19 vaccine," Click 2 Houston, 2021-MAR-09, at: "What you need to know before and after getting a COVID-19 vaccine"

11. Hilary Brueck, Shayanne Gal, "What to expect after a COVID-19 vaccine, from how long side effects last to when protection kicks in," Yahoo, 2021-MAR-03, at: What to expect after a COVID-19 vaccine..."

12. Tony Romm, "Biden signs $1.9 trillion stimulus into law, some to see stimulus payments this weekend," Washington Post, 2011-MAR-11, at: Biden signs $1.9 trillion stimulus into law

13. Christina Maxouris, "Covid-19 in the US: One Florida mayor says 'too many people' coming for spring break as US health officials urge vigilance," Microsoft News, 2021-MAR-14, at: Covid-19 in the US"

14, COVID-19 Vaccines and Immunity: How Long Does it Take for the Vaccines to Provide Protection?," Well Cornell Medicine, 2021-FEB-11, at: COVID-19 Vaccines and Immunity

15. Facher, "... wide-reaching, billion-dollar campaign aimed at convincing every American to get vaccinated,", 2021-MAR-15, at: White House set to unveil sweeping vaccine-confidence campaign

16. Lev Facher, "The White House is set to unveil a wide-reaching, billion-dollar campaign aimed at convincing every American to get vaccinated," StatNews, 2021-MAR-15, at: White House set to unveil sweeping vaccine-confidence campaign"

17. Bethania Palma, "Has US Seen Surge in Hate Crimes Against Asian People During COVID?,", 2021-MAR-18, at: Has US Seen Surge in Hate Crimes Against Asian People..."

18. "Tracking the COVID-19 vaccine: US surpasses 100 million shots" MyNBC5 News, 2021-MAR-20, at: Tracking the COVID-19 vaccine

19. Ankur Banerjee and Vishwadha Chander, "Real-world data shows Pfizer, Moderna vaccines highly effective after just 1 shot," Global News Canada, 2021-MAR-30, at:

20.Paige Cunningham & Alexandra Ellerbeck, "The Health 202: More than half of unvaccinated Americans don't plan to get the Coronavirus shot," The Washington Post, 2021-APR-26, at:

21. Josh Holder & Amy Schoenfeld Walker, "U.S. Vaccinations Are Slowing. What’s to Blame?," New York Times, 2021-MAY-04, at:

22. Giovanni Russonello, "Nearly half of Republicans say they don’t want a Covid vaccine, a big public health challenge," New York Times, 2021-APR-14, at:

23. "Did the Coronavirus Get Leaked From a Lab?," Morning Brew, 2021-MAY-31, at:

24. Mark Gollom, "18 scientists signed letter calling for inquiry into COVID-19 origin," CBC News. 2021-MAY-28, at: (This article received 3,468 comments with 2.5 days!)

25. Shannon Pettypiece, "Biden asks intelligence agencies to 'redouble' efforts to determine Coronavirus origins," NBC News, 2021-MAY-28, at:

26. Dr. Nora Colburn, "How long does it take for the COVID-19 vaccine to work?," Wexner Medical Center, 2021-JAN-25, at:

27. "A pill to treat Covid-19? The U.S. is betting on it," The New York Times, 2021-JUN-19, at:

28. "Herd immunity and COVID-19 (coronavirus): What you need to know," Mayo Clinic, 2021-JUN-19 at:

29. "COVID-19 CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC," Worldometer, 2021-AUG-14, at:

30. William Booth & Tyler Pager, "As climate pledges fall short, U.N. predicts globe could warm by catastrophic 2.7 degrees Celsius," The Washington Post, 2021-SEP-17.

Copyright © 2021 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolernace
Latest update: 2021-AUG
Author: B.A. Robinson


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