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Religions of the world


The religion of Buddhism, based on
the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama:

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A very helpful quotation by Siddhãrtha Gautama (Buddha):

"Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it.

Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many.

Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books.

Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders.

Do not believe in traditions simply because they have been handed down for many generations.

But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it."

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As of the year 2020, Buddhism was the fourth largest religion in the world, after Christianity (32%), Islam (30%), and Hinduism (15%). It was followed by slightly more than a half billion adherents (5.1% of the world's population). See:

Buddhism was founded in Northern India by Siddhartha Gautama (circa 563 to 460 BCE) and spread into much of the far East:

Cambodia is 97% Buddhist, Thailand: 93%; Myanmar: 80%, Bhutan: 75%, Sri Lanka 69%, Laos: 66%, Mongolia: 55%, Japan: 36%; Taiwan: 35%; Singapore: 33%; South Korea: 23%, Malaysia: 19.8%. The remaining countries are fewer than 20% Buddhist. See:

Buddhists form only about 1% of the U.S. population. About 40% of them live in Southern California.

"NOTAS" -- those who are not affiliated with any religion, include secularists, nonreligious, Agnostics, and Atheists. They range from over 50% in China to less than 10% elsewhere. and average about 7% worldwide.

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Topics covered in this section:

bulletOverview & quotes.
bulletIs Buddhism a religion or a philosophy?
bulletA brief overview of the Buddha's life
bullet An essay "About Buddhism" donated by Reema Singhal

Core Buddhist beliefs

bulletComparison of Buddhism with Christianity
bullet An article by Miranda Booker comparing Buddhist, Christian, and Muslim funeral & mourning customs
bulletBuddhist traditions in the East and West
bulletA brief discussion

bulletTheravada Buddhism (Southern Buddhism)

bulletMahayana tradition (Northern Buddhism)

bullet Vajrayāna Buddhism (Tantric or Esoteric Buddhism)

bulletTibetan Buddhism (Being written)

bulletTantric sex

bulletChán and Zen Buddhism


Buddhism and violence -- a rare combination


Buddhism and homosexuality

bullet Differences and similarities between Hinduism and Buddhism


Buddhism and homosexuality

bulletSources of Buddhist information and materials

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For an introduction to Buddhism, we recommend the following books. All have been rated at four or more stars out of five stars by visitors:

Edward Waltz's web site has an article based on Buddha's teaching, titled: "How to [be] happy in life with 1 big secret." It is based on the principle that: "The more you seek inside of you, the more happiness you have. The more you seek outside of you, the more suffering you have."

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Copyright © 2021 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Latest update: 2021-JUN-29
Author: B.A. Robinson

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