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2020-NOVEMBER-07 to 10:

Part 34 of "Conflicts During
President Trump's Administration"

More data from the Presidential election.
Biden accumulated 306 Electoral College
(an almost certain win).
President Trump refuses to concede!

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2020-NOV-07: Joe Biden was winning the vote in Pennsylvania. Associated Press declared him the next president:

Even though all the ballots had not yet been counted, it is apparent that U.S. voters in the year 2020 voted at their highest rate in 120 years! Joe Biden received over 74 million votes so far -- the highest for a candidate for the Presidency in U.S. history. Donald Trump received almost 70 million -- the second highest number in U.S. history. 34

Biden has achieved an unbeatable lead in Pennsylvania to add to his earlier sweep across the mid-western states. He was receiving in excess of 34,000 votes more than President Trump in Pennsylvania. The Associated Press was the first major news group to call Biden the winner of race for President. 20 The vote gap in Pennsylvania between Trump and Biden is on the order of 0.5% This may require a recount of the votes in that state.

Joe Biden was projected to win a total of 279 electoral votes. That is nine more votes than he actually needs to win -- unless of course, President Trump is able to prove a major miscount in a number of states.

Biden released a statement on his victory in Pennsylvania:

"I am honored and humbled by the trust the American people have placed in me and in Vice President-elect Harris.

In the face of unprecedented obstacles, a record number of Americans voted. Proving once again, that democracy beats deep in the heart of America.

With the campaign over, it’s time to put the anger and the harsh rhetoric behind us and come together as a nation. It’s time for America to unite. And to heal. We are the United States of America.

And there’s nothing we can’t do, if we do it together. 21.22

The Washington Post reported that President-elect Joe Biden plans to issue a number of executive orders as soon as he takes office that will immediately reverse some of President Trump's policies. One will be to have the U.S. rejoin the Paris climate accord which President Trump caused the U.S. to leave on NOV-04. The U.S. is the only country in the world to have joined the accord, and later left it. Another would be to reverse the planned withdrawal from the World Health Organization which was planned to take effect on 2021-JUL-06. He is also expected immediately repeal the ban on immigration that targeted many Muslim-majority countries and to reinstate the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program that creates a path to citizenship for people who were improperly brought to the U.S. as children.

The Democratic Party will retain control of the House, with a slightly reduced majority. However, its control of the Senate remains doubtful.

Kamala Harris is the new vice president-elect. She is the first non-white person, the first woman, and the first Asian-American ever to become vice-president of the U.S. Her father is Jamaican; her mother was born in India and is now deceased. 22

Joyous mass celebrations broke out in several cities on Saturday evening. One person held up a sign stating: "Trump = LOSER YOU'RE FIRED!"

Trump refused to concede the election. His campaign released a statement accusing Biden of "... rushing to falsely pose as the winner. ... Beginning Monday, our campaign will start prosecuting our case in court to ensure election laws are fully upheld and the rightful winner is seated."

States' disputes over recounts must be settled by DEC-08. The Electoral College will meet on DEC-14 to formally declare the new President and Vice President. Joe Biden is expected to take his presidential oath of office on 2021-JAN-20. Some people are speculating that President Trump may not leave the White House voluntarily.

David Jackson and John Fritze, writing for USA Today, said:

"Trump's attorney Rudy Giuliani told a news conference in Philadelphia on Saturday that Trump would not concede. Giuliani repeated baseless claims by Trump of rampant election fraud, saying -- without evidence -- that there were hundreds of thousands of ballots 'in question.'

If Trump declines to concede or [does not] make a congratulatory call to Biden, he would be breaking more than 100 years of U.S. traditions."

2020-NOV-08: Should the Electoral College be abandoned?

Manny Field, writing for the Microsoft Network, notes that the Electoral College gives

  • Greater value to votes by white people that those by black persons.

  • Greater value to votes by rural voters than urban dwellers.

He suggests that President-elect Joe Biden should attempt to abolish the Electoral College so that every adult would have an equal say in electing the president. In effect: without the Electoral College, each adult in the U.S. would then be able to cast one vote of equal power to every other vote.

However, Joe Biden has already said that he does not support abolishing the Electoral College because it would be too divisive.

Field wrote:

"A calculation done by Vox found that a white person's vote has 16% more power than a Black person's vote, 28% more power than a Latino's vote, and 58% more power than other people of color, including Asian Americans, Native Americans, and more.

"According to the US Census Bureau, Wyoming has the country's smallest population with about 600,000 residents. California is home to 40 million people, more than all of Canada combined. Each of the three electors in Wyoming represent around 200,000 people, while each of California's 55 electors represent about 700,000 people. That alone gives Wyoming's electoral votes more representation than California's 55, but when you consider that Wyoming is 83% white and that California is only 38% white, the result is that the votes of people of color have less influence than the white electorate."

Abolishing the Electoral College would be neither easy nor quick. It would require an amendment to the U.S. Constitution which would require a two-thirds positive vote by both the Senate and House, followed by approval by three-quarters of the state legislatures.

2020-NOV-09 & 11: Near-final results posted: reported data from the Associated Press on 2020-NOV-09 at 8:28 AM: Joe Biden won the Presidential Election with 290 Electoral College votes as a result of 75,404,182 personal votes in his favor which was 50.58% of the total votes cast. Donald Trump obtained 217 Electoral College votes, 70,903,094 personal votes which was 47.65% of all the votes cast.

The Senate will now have 48 Republican and 48 Democrats elected. The House will have 215 Democrats and 196 Republicans.

State governors will consist of 27 Republicans, and 23 Democrats.

The web site provides updating maps that: "... reflect the ratings of a number of quantitative and qualitative forecasters, as well as some consensus projections." On NOV-11 at 9:00 AM, they showed Joe Biden (D) with 273 electoral votes, Donald Trump (R) with 214, and 51 electoral votes in Arizona, Georgia, Nevada and North Carlina that have yet to be decided. Even if all the remaining undecided votes were won by President Trump, Joe Biden would still win the presidency, unless of course, President Trump wins many of his court cases that question the accuracy of the vote count in many states.

By Thursday midnight, NOV-11, the BozemanDailyChronicle web site quoted President Trump as saying: "With 72 MILLION votes, we received more votes than any sitting President in U.S. history!"

That web site added a comment: "Biden has more than 77 million votes."

After President Trump won the state of Alaska, Biden has 290 electoral college votes compared to Trump's 217. Joe Biden will obviously be the next U.S. President!

The 538 members of the electoral college meet on 2021-JAN-06 to formally declare the winner. Occasionally, some rogue electors will vote for a loser in their state. They are called: "faithless electors." So the final count may turn out to be different from the present electoral college vote count.

The nonpartisan voting advocacy group "Fair Vote" has found that among the past 58 presidential elections, only 90 [faithless] electors have cast 'deviant" votes" -- an average of about 1.6 "faithless electors" per election. Thirty-seven electors would have to cast deviant votes this time in order to re-elect President Trump. The chance of President Trump winning a second term appears to be miniscule, unless some of his lawsuits to delare fraudulent counting of the popular vote are successful. So far, judges are rejecting his lawsuits, sometimes with contempt.

2020-NOV-10: Trump campaign files lawsuit in PA to block certification of the vote:

Their legal filing states:

"In a rush to count mail ballots and ensure Democrat Joe Biden is elected, Pennsylvania has created an illegal two-tiered voting system for the 2020 General Election, devaluing in-person votes."

They suggest that the Pennsylvania system would make it easy for phony mail-in ballots to slip through the system and be counted.

Paul Schiff Berman, a law professor at George Washington University in Washington, said:

"There’s no basis for a court stepping in and stopping the certification of the vote in almost any situation, but certainly not without any evidence of mass irregularities that would change the outcome. ..."

“What we are seeing is a relatively incompetent and unsuccessful effort to stage a coup, and hold on to power, despite the vote. ..."

[That is] "wildly destructive of American democracy, because it suggests that it is actually permissible to try to overturn what is a clear election result." 24

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. Melissa Quinn, "Nearly 500 ex-military, national security officials throw support behind Biden," CBS News, 2020-SEP-24, at:
  2. "Trump blasts ballots when asked about election aftermath: 'The ballots are a disaster'," Fox News, 2020-SEP-24, at:
  3. "2020 Belarusian protests, Wikipedia, as on 2020-OCT-23, at:
  4. "Tuesday Night SmackDown: POTUS Edition," Emailing, 2020-SEP-30, at:
  5. Aaron Blake, "5 takeaways from the first presidential debate", Washington Post, 2020-SEP 29, at:
  6. John Wagner, et al., "Thursday presidential debate canceled; Trump appears on conservative media," The Washington Post, 2020-OCT-09, at:
  7. John Wagner, et al., "Election live updates: Debate commission says it will change structure to ensure more ‘orderly discussion’," Washington Post, 2020-SEP-30, at:
  8. Tamer Fakahany, "Trump says he and first lady tested positive for Coronavirus, joins growing list of infected leaders, adds another election volatility," AP Morning Wire, 2020-OCT-02. at:
  9. Scott Clement et al., "The Washington Post-ABC poll: Biden maintains lead nationally over Trump, Washington Post, 2020-OCT-11, at:
  10. Tony Burman, "Stain of the Trump era, on full display during presidential debate, could make life very complicated for President Joe Biden, Toronto Star, 2020-OCT-23, :
  11. J.D. Salant, ‘Winner of tonight’s debate is the mute button,’ and other observations from the second presidential debate," True Jersey, 2020-OCT-23, at:
  12. Nate Cohn, "The Electoral College’s Real Problem: It’s Biased Toward the Big Battlegrounds," The New York Times, 2019-MAR-22, at:
  13. John Whitesides & Joseph Ax,"Biden Takes Narrow Lead in Georgia, Putting White House in Reach," U.S. News, 2020-NOV-06, at:
  14. Madeline Roth, "US election electoral college votes tracker: Live updates,", 2020-NOV-05, at:
  15. Anon, Decision Desk HQ, 2020-NOV-6, at:
  16. Lisa Steacy, "Joe Biden predicts decisive presidential victory: 'The numbers tell us a clear and convincing story'," City News, 2020-NOV-06, at:
  17. Sorry, I lost the link and was unable to find it again. This is the first time in over 20 years of working on this web site that this has happened.
  18. Taegan Goddard, "Vote Count Slows to a Crawl," Ted Goddard's Political Wire, 2020-NOV-07, at:
  19. Jeffery Martin, "Joe Biden Says He's Going to Win With a Mandate for Action on Racism, Climate and COVID," Microsoft News, 2020-NOV-07, at:
  20. Richard Hall, "Pennsylvania election results: Joe Biden declared president after winning tipping point state," Independent, 2020-NOV-07, at:
  21. Dylan Stableford, et al., "Biden wins 2020 presidential election: Live coverage," Yahoo/Canada, 2020-NOV-07, at:
  22. Aubrey Allegretti, "US election results: Joe Biden says 'I'm honoured you've chosen me' as Donald Trump refuses to concede
  23. Deirdre Schsgreen, "If Trump still won't concede to Biden, he'll break more than a century of tradition," USA Today, 2020-NOV-07, at:
  24. Sean Fine, "Trump campaign files lawsuit to block certification of Pennsylvania voting results," The Globe and Mail, 2020-NOV-10, at:
  25. Gabby Orr, "How Biden swung the religious vote," Microsoft News, 2020-NOV-11, at:
  26. Kylie Atwood, "State Department is preventing Biden from accessing messages from foreign leaders," Microsoft News, 2020-NOV-11, at:
  27. Biden's reference to "demonetization" is ambiguous. From the context of his words, he seems to mean "demonize." But the actual meaning of the term that he used is to remove a currency from use as legal tender.
  28. Tyler Van Dyke, "Biden on path to win 306 Electoral College votes, same as Trump's 'landslide' victory in 2016," Washington examiner, 2020-NOV-06, at:
  29. "2020 election had highest voter turnout in a century," The Week, 2020-NOV-12, at:
  30. Jennifer Rubin, "The election can’t be ‘stolen.’ But something worse is happening," The Washington Post, 2020-NOV-11, at:
  31. Chris Kahn, "Nearly 80% of Americans say Biden won White House, ignoring Trump's refusal to concede: Reuters/Ipsos poll," Reuters, 2020-NOV-10, at:
  32. Jessi Hellmann, "Biden set to roll back Trump rules on abortion," The Hill, 2020-NOV-13, at:
  33. Catherine Larkin, "Biden Wins Georgia, Trump Wins North Carolina, Networks Project," Microsoft Network, 2020-NOV-13, at:
  34. Claudia Deane & Jouh Gramlich, "2020 election reveals two broad voting coalitions fundamentally at odds," Pew Research Center, 2020-NOV-06, at:
  35. Ashraf Khalil And Kevin Freking, "Trump supporters morning protests turn into violent clashes," Canadian Press, 2020-NOV-15, at:
  36. "Donald Trump's estranged niece says uncle is 'deliberately' refusing to concede election," Microsoft News, 2020-NOV-15, at:
  37. Soeren Kern, "Was the US Election Stolen," Gatestone Institute, 2020-NOV-17, at:
  38. "Judges appear increasingly frustrated with Trump's legal claims about election," Microsoft News, 2020-NOV-16, at:

Copyrighted © 2020 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Author: B.A. Robinson
Latest update: 2020-NOV-17

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